One common threat is spoofing, where an attacker fakes an IP address to gain access to operational data or gain systems. So you will learn here about IP spoofing, different types of cyber-attacks, and IP spoofing tools.
An IP address is described as a unique address that identifies a device on the internet or an area network. It stands for "Internet Protocol." Your IP address determines who you are on the internet, whether an individual or an organization.
One common threat is spoofing, where an attacker fakes an IP address or other likewise identifier to gain access to operational data or gain systems.
According to a 2018 report by CADIA(Center for Applied Internet Data Analysis), more than 30000 spoofing attacks per day. Organizations must take proactive steps to stop it from happening to leaking data from their customers and clients.
Various or tools are there like cloud-based tools, and security analysis to prevent any causality or misappropriation from happening. As you keep reading, you will learn about IP spoofing, different types of cyber-attacks, and IP spoofing tools.
For example, the 192.168.3.1 IP address is used in communicating with other connected systems inside a smaller private network. It is used by most of the networking devices made by leading companies such as Huawei and Amped Wireless routers.
What is IP Spoofing?
Spoofing is a phenomenon during which the intruder hides his identity. One can hide the source/sender's identity and imitate a different computer, or both, by generating IP packets.
If successful, they can perform untraceable spoofing attacks in computer systems or networks.
There are several types of spoofing. Some of them are:
- IP Spoofing
- Caller ID Spoofing
- Email Address Spoofing
- GPS Spoofing
How does IP Spoofing Work?
The attacker first changes the IP main address in outgoing packet headers so that a destination computer will treat the packet as though it came from a trusted source. The target device will accept it on the company network.
Thus, regular users cannot utilize IP addresses used by hackers to send packets to malicious services. These automated attacks are challenging to detect.
Different IP spoofing attack types:
- DoS - DOS stands for Denial Of Service. In this, a cyberattack is carried out on networks, websites, and online resources to restrict legitimate users from accessing it, sometimes crashing or damaging a system.
- DDOS stands for [Distributed Denial Of Service]- A DDOS is a cyberattack on a server, service, website, or network that floods it with internet traffic. If the traffic affects the target, its server, service, website, or network is rendered heavily. The attacker can use it for blackmailing or concealing other crimes like taking down a website. In June 2020, AWS claimed to have possessed a massive 2.3 TBPS DDoS attack. It is always difficult to find the attack source when spoofed IP addresses are used, making it harder to stop the attack or figure out its purpose.
- Botnet attack- A botnet network is a network of comprised computers. Cyber attackers can control such computers to perform mass attacks against specific targets and make their devices zombies/slaves. It happens when cyber-attackers inject malware into the network of devices to control them and use them for activities like sending spam, data theft, and taking confidential info. The different types of Botnet attacks include phishing attacks and brute force attacks.
- Man-In-The-Middle attack (MITM) -A MITM attack happens when a hacker inserts themselves between a user and a website. This kind of attack comes in several forms. For example, you could also use a fake banking website to capture financial login information. Then, the phony site is in the middle between the user and the actual bank website.
How to protect yourself from IP spoofing?
- Encrypt all communication to and from your server using Secure Encryption Methods (SEC). Make sure to always see "HTTPS" within the URL bar of internet sites you visit. When the coronavirus epidemic was happening, hackers were making tons of money via phishing emails.
- Enter the website URL straight into your browser rather than clicking on the link provided by those phishing emails. This will prevent you from being deceived.
- The same goes while taking a public Wi-Fi network, which isn't safe.
- Security software that has a VPN could be helpful or better yet, invest in any of the top VPN providers now. It is a must to maintain your software up to date. Updating your software guarantees that it's equipped with recent encryption, authentication, and security fixes.
- To help safeguard your network, find a firewall that filters faked IP traffic, verifies that traffic, and blocks access by unwanted outsiders. As a result, IP addresses could be verified.
- A robust password has capital and lowercase letters, a symbol, and a numeric character.
- Security awareness training by learning basic about cyber security and prevention methods.
- A computer networking technology called ingress filters can ensure that packets from trusted sources and not hackers are filtered. Packet source header analysis is employed for this.
IP Spoofing tools
- Aranea: Cyber attackers usually use a clean and fast spoofing tool for spoofing attacks on a network.
- Netcommander: This is the most user-friendly arp tool out there.
- Sylkie: This tool makes use of the neighbor discovery protocol to spoof IPv6 addresses.
- Isr Tunnel: Isr Tunnel makes use of source-routed packets to spoof connections.
- Caller ID spoofing: The caller falsifies the information transmitted to your caller ID display to hide their identity through a telephone network. This led to a caller ID display showing a phone number different from that of the telephone from which the call was placed.
Spoofing led to a significant threat for networks, databases, devices, and even home computers. IP spoofing tools are available, and even beginner-level cybercriminals can deploy spoofed IP addresses, bypass security and successfully perform a DDoS attack or MITM attack.
To stop IP spoofing, we have to apply all necessary measures like awareness, training. It will continue until we stop transmitting packets between message senders and receivers.